About Jute

Jute

JUTE is a natural vegetable plant fibre that grows well in temperate, wet and humid climate and thus production is concentrated around the Ganges delta region of India and Bangladesh where the warm, wet climate during the monsoon season provides ideal growing conditions. India and Bangladesh are the major producers of jute in the world. The natural fiber used in the fabric of our jute bags comes from the stem and outer skin of the jute plant.

Features Of Jute

  •   Earth –friendly
  •  100% bio-degradable
  •   Strong
  •  Washable
  •  Fashionable
  •  Versatile

Processing Of Jute

The cultivation of jute begins in the month of April by preparing the land for sowing. Jute is primarily a rain-fed crop that doesn’t need much in the way of fertilizer or pesticides making it cost effective to grow. It takes between four and six months for the plants to mature and reach a height of around 8-12 feet when they are harvested.  It has little green leaves, but no branches.

The stalks are then cut-off, tied into bundles and soaked (retted) in water for about 20 days. The process of retting softens the tissues and permits the fibres to be separated. The fibres are then peeled off from the stalks in long strands and washed in low running water. Then they are spread out to dry under the sun.

The jute fibres are off-white to golden brown in color (hence nicknamed GOLDEN Fibre). They are pressed into bales and shipped to jute mills for converting into yarns which is later woven into jute fabric.

Advantages Of Jute

There are a thousand reasons to choose jute. Here are just a few of them

  •   Jute is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and hence eco-friendly
  •   JUTE prevents soil erosion and nurtures vegetation.
  •   Jute has high tensile strength, and fabrics made out of jute fibres are CO2 neutral and hence decomposable.
  •  Jute has good insulating and antistatic properties, low thermal conductivity and a moderate moisture regain.
  •  Jute can be blended with other fibers, both synthetic and natural, and accepts cellulosic dye classes such as natural, basic, vat, sulfur, reactive, and pigment dyes.

Uses Of Jute

  •  Jute has acoustic insulating properties and can be manufactured with no skin irritations making it ideal for home decor and furnishings.
  •   It helps to make best quality industrial yarn, carpet backing yarn, fabric, net, sacks. Bulking of yarn results in a reduced breaking tenacity.
  •   Jute has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better breath ability of fabrics. Therefore, jute is very suitable in agricultural commodity bulk packaging.
  •   With silky lustre and aesthetic appeal, Jute is here to stay as a fashion statement.

Industry Applications

The environmental friendliness, flexibility, durability and trendiness of jute makes is widely popular and an indispensable raw material in many industries

Hydrocarbon free jute bags, a food grade jute bags and cloths confirming to international standard specifications, are used for packaging food stuffs.

Hessian is used widely as an important component in the building material industry.

Jute Felt used for vibration control of heavy machines. Jute and its allied fibres with their non-woven and composite technology used in automobile and the furniture and bedding industries to manufacture non woven, technical textiles, composite production of sheet moulding compound, resin transfer moulding, vacuum pressing techniques and injection.

Jute reinforced materials have been introduced in the market segments like automotive industry (door panels, dashboard, instrument panels).

Sacking, hessian and normal bags are used both for inland transport and export of agricultural products (crates, inlays for crates, pallets, boxes, and cases) and Consumer products (housing for computer screens, refrigerators, etc).

Jute is a major component in carpets and other home furnishing items.

Jute is extensively used in nurseries and gardens.

Jute helps in soil erosion control, which makes it ideal for use for environmental protection and rejuvenation

The coarse end of Jute plants are used to make inexpensive cloth. The very fine thread of jute can also be separated out and used to make imitation silk. Applications in decorative fabrics, chic-saris, salwar-kamizes, soft luggage’s, footwear, greeting cards, moulded door panels and other useful consumer products.

Jute can be used to replace glass fibre in many applications, be an important source for geo-textiles, raw material for many technical textiles, and important player in the home furnishing segment. Jute Reinforced Polyolefines (JRP) is finding industrial applications worldwide as cheap low quality jute is being used for making jute-PP granules.